I.T. Architecture job role descriptions

As we all know the I.T architecture field is flooded with various types of generalists and specialists.

Perhaps we can agree on a core set of common I.T. architecture job descriptions as it’s a frequent question. Here’s how I see it:

Enterprise Architect - responsible for designing and implementing the overall IT architecture for a company, including infrastructure, applications, and data management. This role requires a deep understanding of the company’s business goals and objectives, as well as the ability to translate those goals into a comprehensive IT architecture. Enterprise architects work closely with other departments, such as finance, operations, and marketing, to ensure that the IT architecture aligns with the overall strategy of the company. They also work with other IT professionals, such as solutions architects or technical domain architects, to ensure that the architecture is technically sound and can be implemented effectively.

Tasks for an Enterprise Architect include:

  • Developing and maintaining a comprehensive IT architecture roadmap for the company
  • Identifying and evaluating new technologies that could be integrated into the IT architecture to support the company’s goals
  • Collaborating with other departments to understand their specific needs and align the IT architecture with their goals
  • Developing and implementing governance policies and standards for IT architecture
  • Providing guidance and mentorship to other IT professionals within the company
  • Communicating the IT architecture to stakeholders throughout the company, including top management and other departments
  • Participating in the selection and implementation of new IT systems and applications.

Traits and qualifications required in the role include:

  • A bachelor’s or master’s degree in computer science, information technology, or a related field
  • A professional certification, such as the TOGAF (The Open Group Architecture Framework) certification, Zachman Framework certification, or enterprise architecture certification from a recognized organization.
  • Significant experience in an IT-related field, such as software development, systems administration, or network engineering, with a strong focus on enterprise architecture
  • Strong understanding of various IT architectures, technologies, and methodologies, such as service-oriented architecture (SOA), cloud computing, and agile development
  • Experience working with stakeholders and other departments to understand and align IT architecture with business goals and objectives
  • Strong analytical and problem-solving skills
  • Excellent communication and collaboration skills
  • Ability to think strategically and align IT architecture with business goals
  • Deep understanding of IT infrastructure, applications and data management
  • Strong leadership and mentorship skills
  • Strong understanding of industry trends and technologies
  • Ability to manage multiple projects and priorities effectively.

Solutions Architect - responsible for designing and implementing specific IT solutions for a company, such as a new system or application. This role requires a deep understanding of the specific business problem or opportunity that the solution is meant to address, as well as the ability to design a solution that meets the needs of the business. Solutions architects work closely with stakeholders, such as business analysts and project managers, to ensure that the solution is aligned with the overall strategy of the company and can be implemented effectively.

Tasks for a Solutions Architect include:

  • Identifying and analysing specific business problems or opportunities that a new IT solution could address
  • Developing high-level designs for IT solutions that align with the company’s overall strategy and meet the needs of the business
  • Communicating the solution design to stakeholders, including business analysts and project managers, and collaborating with them to ensure the solution meets their needs
  • Assessing the technical feasibility of the solution and identifying any potential challenges or limitations
  • Participating in the selection and implementation of new IT systems and applications
  • Providing guidance and mentorship to other IT professionals within the company
  • Developing and implementing governance policies and standards for solutions development
  • Collaborating with Enterprise Architects, Technical Architects and other IT professionals to ensure solutions are in line with the overall IT architecture of the company.

Traits and qualifications required in the role include:

  • A bachelor’s or master’s degree in computer science, information technology, or a related field
  • A professional certification, such as AWS Certified Solutions Architect or Microsoft Certified: Azure Solutions Architect Expert
  • Significant experience in an IT-related field, such as software development, systems administration, or network engineering, with a strong focus on solutions architecture
  • Strong understanding of various solutions architecture patterns, technologies, and methodologies, such as service-oriented architecture (SOA), cloud computing, and agile development
  • Experience working with stakeholders, business analysts and project managers to understand and align solutions with business goals and objectives
  • Strong understanding of security and compliance requirements
  • Strong analytical and problem-solving skills
  • Excellent communication and collaboration skills
  • Ability to think strategically and align IT solutions with business goals
  • Deep understanding of the specific business problem or opportunity that the solution is meant to address
  • Strong understanding of industry trends and technologies
  • Strong leadership and mentorship skills
  • Ability to manage multiple projects and priorities effectively
  • Strong technical knowledge and expertise in relevant technologies and tools.

Data Architect - responsible for designing and implementing the data architecture of a company, including data storage, management, and access. This role requires a deep understanding of the various data management technologies that are used to store, manage, and access data. Data architects work closely with other IT professionals, such as data analysts and data scientists, to ensure that the data architecture is designed and implemented effectively.

Tasks for a Data Architect include:

  • Designing and implementing the data architecture of a company, including data storage, management, and access
  • Developing and maintaining data architecture documentation, including data models, data flows, and data dictionaries
  • Identifying and evaluating new technologies that could be integrated into the data architecture to improve performance, scalability, and security
  • Collaborating with other IT professionals, such as data analysts and data scientists, to ensure that the data architecture is designed and implemented effectively
  • Providing guidance and mentorship to other IT professionals within the company
  • Communicating the data architecture to stakeholders throughout the company, including top management and other departments
  • Participating in the selection and implementation of new data management systems and technologies
  • Developing and implementing governance policies and standards for data management
  • Ensuring data architecture aligns with the overall IT architecture and business goals.

Traits and qualifications required in the role include:

  • A bachelor’s or master’s degree in computer science, information technology, or a related field, such as data science or statistics
  • A professional certification, such as Microsoft Certified: Azure Data Engineer Associate, AWS Certified Big Data - Specialty, or Data Management Professional (DMP)
  • Significant experience in an IT-related field, such as data management, data analysis, or software development, with a strong focus on data architecture
  • Strong understanding of various data management technologies, such as relational databases, NoSQL databases, data warehousing, and data modelling
  • Experience working with other IT professionals, such as data analysts and data scientists, to ensure that the data architecture is designed and implemented effectively
  • Strong understanding of data governance, data security, and data privacy principles
  • Strong knowledge of data modelling and data warehousing concepts.
  • Strong technical knowledge and expertise in data management technologies and tools, including databases, data warehousing, and data integration.
  • Strong analytical and problem-solving skills
  • Excellent communication and collaboration skills
  • Ability to think strategically and align data architecture with business goals
  • Strong understanding of industry trends and technologies
  • Strong leadership and mentorship skills
  • Ability to manage multiple projects and priorities effectively
  • Strong understanding of data governance and compliance requirements.

Cloud Architect - responsible for designing and implementing a company’s cloud-based infrastructure and applications. This role requires a deep understanding of the various cloud-based technologies that are used to build infrastructure and applications, such as Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform. Cloud architects work closely with other IT professionals, such as systems administrators and software developers, to ensure that the cloud infrastructure is designed and implemented effectively.

Tasks for a Cloud Architect include:

  • Designing and implementing a company’s cloud-based infrastructure and applications
  • Developing and maintaining cloud architecture documentation, including system diagrams, network topologies, and hardware inventory
  • Identifying and evaluating new cloud-based technologies that could be integrated into the infrastructure to improve performance, scalability, and security
  • Collaborating with other IT professionals, such as systems administrators and software developers, to ensure that the cloud infrastructure is designed and implemented effectively
  • Providing guidance and mentorship to other IT professionals within the company
  • Communicating the cloud architecture to stakeholders throughout the company, including top management and other departments
  • Participating in the selection and implementation of new cloud-based systems and technologies
  • Developing and implementing governance policies and standards for cloud management
  • Ensuring the cloud infrastructure aligns with the overall IT architecture and business goals.

Traits and qualifications required in the role include:

  • A bachelor’s or master’s degree in computer science, information technology, or a related field
  • A professional certification, such as AWS Certified Solutions Architect - Associate, Microsoft Certified: Azure Solutions Architect Expert, or Google Cloud Professional Cloud Architect
  • Significant experience in an IT-related field, such as software development, systems administration, or network engineering, with a strong focus on cloud architecture
  • Strong understanding of various cloud-based technologies, such as Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform
  • Experience working with other IT professionals, such as systems administrators and software developers, to ensure that the cloud infrastructure is designed and implemented effectively
  • Strong understanding of cloud security, compliance, and data management best practices
  • Strong understanding of cloud-based infrastructure and architecture patterns.
  • Strong technical knowledge and expertise in cloud-based technologies and tools, including Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform.
  • Strong analytical and problem-solving skills
  • Excellent communication and collaboration skills
  • Ability to think strategically and align cloud architecture with business goals
  • Strong understanding of industry trends and technologies
  • Strong leadership and mentorship skills
  • Ability to manage multiple projects and priorities effectively
  • Strong understanding of cloud security and compliance requirements.

Security Architect - responsible for designing and implementing the security architecture of a company, including network security, data security, and access control. This role requires a deep understanding of the various security technologies and best practices that are used to protect a company’s networks, data, and systems. Security architects work closely with other IT professionals, such as security analysts and security engineers, to ensure that the security architecture is designed and implemented effectively.

Tasks for a Security Architect include:

  • Designing and implementing the security architecture of a company, including network security, data security, and access control
  • Developing and maintaining security architecture documentation, including security policies, procedures, and standards
  • Identifying and evaluating new security technologies and best practices that could be integrated into the security architecture to improve security posture
  • Collaborating with other IT professionals, such as security analysts and security engineers, to ensure that the security architecture is designed and implemented effectively
  • Providing guidance and mentorship to other IT professionals within the company
  • Communicating the security architecture to stakeholders throughout the company, including top management and other departments
  • Participating in the selection and implementation of new security systems and technologies
  • Developing and implementing governance policies and standards for security management
  • Ensuring security architecture aligns with the overall IT architecture and business goals.

Traits and qualifications required in the role include:

  • A bachelor’s or master’s degree in computer science, information technology, or a related field, such as cybersecurity or information security
  • A professional certification, such as Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA), or Certified Information Systems Security Manager (CISM)
  • Significant experience in an IT-related field, such as network engineering, systems administration, or software development, with a strong focus on security architecture
  • Strong understanding of various security technologies and best practices, such as firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and encryption
  • Experience working with other IT professionals, such as security analysts and security engineers, to ensure that the security architecture is designed and implemented effectively
  • Strong understanding of security and compliance requirements, such as HIPAA, PCI-DSS, and SOC2
  • Strong understanding of security architecture patterns and frameworks.
  • Strong technical knowledge and expertise in security technologies and best practices, including network security, data security, and access control.
  • Strong analytical and problem-solving skills
  • Excellent communication and collaboration skills
  • Ability to think strategically and align security architecture with business goals
  • Strong understanding of industry trends and technologies
  • Strong leadership and mentorship skills
  • Ability to manage multiple projects and priorities effectively
  • Strong understanding of security compliance and regulatory requirements.

Infrastructure Architect - responsible for designing and implementing the physical and virtual infrastructure of a company, including servers, networks, and storage. This role requires a deep understanding of the various technologies and best practices that are used to build the infrastructure, such as servers, networks, and storage systems. Infrastructure architects work closely with other IT professionals, such as systems administrators and network engineers, to ensure that the infrastructure is designed and implemented effectively.

Tasks for an Infrastructure Architect include:

  • Designing and implementing the physical and virtual infrastructure of a company, including servers, networks, and storage systems
  • Developing and maintaining infrastructure documentation, including system diagrams, network topologies, and hardware inventory
  • Identifying and evaluating new technologies and best practices that could be integrated into the infrastructure to improve performance, scalability, and security
  • Collaborating with other IT professionals, such as systems administrators and network engineers, to ensure that the infrastructure is designed and implemented effectively
  • Providing guidance and mentorship to other IT professionals within the company
  • Communicating the infrastructure to stakeholders throughout the company, including top management and other departments
  • Participating in the selection and implementation of new IT systems and technologies
  • Developing and implementing governance policies and standards for infrastructure management
  • Ensuring the infrastructure aligns with the overall IT architecture and business goals.

Traits and qualifications required in the role include:

  • A bachelor’s or master’s degree in computer science, information technology, or a related field
  • A professional certification, such as Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP), AWS Certified DevOps Engineer, or Microsoft Certified: Azure Administrator Associate
  • Significant experience in an IT-related field, such as systems administration, network engineering, or software development, with a strong focus on infrastructure architecture
  • Strong understanding of various technical infrastructure technologies, such as servers, networks, and storage systems
  • Experience working with other IT professionals, such as systems administrators and network engineers, to ensure that the infrastructure is designed and implemented effectively
  • Strong understanding of infrastructure architecture patterns and frameworks
  • Strong technical knowledge and expertise in infrastructure technologies and best practices, including servers, networks, and storage systems
  • Strong analytical and problem-solving skills
  • Excellent communication and collaboration skills
  • Ability to think strategically and align infrastructure with business goals
  • Strong understanding of industry trends and technologies
  • Strong leadership and mentorship skills
  • Ability to manage multiple projects and priorities effectively
  • Strong understanding of security and compliance requirements.

Application Architect - responsible for designing and implementing the application architecture of a company, including web applications, mobile applications, and software systems. This role requires a deep understanding of the various technologies and best practices that are used to build applications, such as web development frameworks and software development methodologies. Application architects work closely with other IT professionals, such as software developers and project managers, to ensure that the applications are designed and implemented effectively.

Tasks for an Application Architect include:

  • Designing and implementing the application architecture of a company, including web applications, mobile applications, and software systems
  • Developing and maintaining application architecture documentation, including system diagrams, network topologies, and hardware inventory
  • Identifying and evaluating new technologies and best practices that could be integrated into the application architecture to improve performance, scalability, and security
  • Collaborating with other IT professionals, such as software developers and project managers, to ensure that the applications are designed and implemented effectively
  • Providing guidance and mentorship to other IT professionals within the company
  • Communicating the application architecture to stakeholders throughout the company, including top management and other departments
  • Participating in the selection and implementation of new application systems and technologies
  • Developing and implementing governance policies and standards for application development
  • Ensuring the application architecture aligns with the overall IT architecture and business goals.

Traits and qualifications required in the role include:

  • A bachelor’s or master’s degree in computer science, information technology, or a related field
  • A professional certification, such as AWS Certified Developer - Associate, Microsoft Certified: Azure Developer Associate, or Oracle Certified Professional, Java SE 11 Developer
  • Significant experience in an IT-related field, such as software development, systems administration, or network engineering, with a strong focus on application architecture
  • Strong understanding of various application development technologies, such as web development frameworks, software development methodologies, and programming languages
  • Experience working with other IT professionals, such as software developers and project managers, to ensure that the applications are designed and implemented effectively
  • Strong technical knowledge and expertise in application technologies and best practices, including web development frameworks, software development methodologies, mobile application development and cloud technologies
  • Strong analytical and problem-solving skills
  • Excellent communication and collaboration skills
  • Ability to think strategically and align application architecture with business goals
  • Strong understanding of industry trends and technologies
  • Strong leadership and mentorship skills
  • Ability to manage multiple projects and priorities effectively
  • Strong understanding of security and compliance requirements.

Business Architect - responsible for designing and implementing the business architecture of a company, including business processes, organizational structure, and strategic goals. This role requires a deep understanding of the company’s business operations and objectives, as well as the ability to translate those objectives into a comprehensive business architecture. Business architects work closely with other departments, such as finance, operations, and marketing, to ensure that the business architecture aligns with the overall strategy of the company.

Tasks for a Business Architect include:

  • Developing and maintaining a comprehensive business architecture roadmap for the company
  • Identifying and analysing the company’s business operations and objectives
  • Translating business objectives into a comprehensive business architecture
  • Collaborating with other departments, such as finance, operations, and marketing, to ensure that the business architecture aligns with the overall strategy of the company
  • Developing and implementing governance policies and standards for business architecture
  • Providing guidance and mentorship to other professionals within the company
  • Communicating the business architecture to stakeholders throughout the company, including top management and other departments
  • Participating in the design and implementation of new business processes and systems
  • Continuously monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of the business architecture and making necessary adjustments.

Traits and qualifications required in the role include:

  • A bachelor’s or master’s degree in business, management, or a related field
  • A professional certification, such as TOGAF (The Open Group Architecture Framework) certification, Zachman Framework certification, or enterprise architecture certification from a recognized organization
  • Significant experience in business operations, management, or strategy
  • Strong understanding of various business architecture methodologies and frameworks
  • Strong analytical and problem-solving skills
  • Excellent communication and collaboration skills
  • Ability to think strategically and align business architecture with company’s overall strategy
  • Strong understanding of the company’s business operations and objectives
  • Strong leadership and mentorship skills
  • Ability to manage multiple projects and priorities effectively
  • Strong understanding of industry trends and best practices
  • Strong understanding of business process modelling and design methodologies
  • Ability to effectively communicate technical concepts to non-technical stakeholders.

Integration Architect - responsible for designing and implementing the integration of multiple systems and applications within a company. This role requires a deep understanding of the various systems and applications that need to be integrated, as well as the best practices for designing and implementing integration solutions. Integration architects work closely with other IT professionals, such as software developers and systems administrators, to ensure that the integration is designed and implemented effectively.

Tasks for an Integration Architect include:

  • Designing and implementing the integration of multiple systems and applications within a company
  • Developing and maintaining integration architecture documentation, including system diagrams, data flows, and integration specifications
  • Identifying and evaluating new technologies and best practices that could be integrated into the integration architecture to improve performance, scalability, and security
  • Collaborating with other IT professionals, such as software developers and systems administrators, to ensure that the integration is designed and implemented effectively
  • Providing guidance and mentorship to other IT professionals within the company
  • Communicating the integration architecture to stakeholders throughout the company, including top management and other departments
  • Participating in the selection and implementation of new integration systems and technologies
  • Developing and implementing governance policies and standards for integration management
  • Ensuring the integration architecture aligns with the overall IT architecture and business goals.

Traits and qualifications required in the role include:

  • A bachelor’s or master’s degree in computer science, information technology, or a related field
  • A professional certification, such as AWS Certified Integration - Specialty, Microsoft Certified: Azure Integration Developer Associate, or Oracle Cloud Infrastructure 2020 Architect Associate
  • Significant experience in an IT-related field, such as software development, systems administration, or network engineering, with a strong focus on integration architecture
  • Strong understanding of various integration patterns, technologies, and methodologies such as service-oriented architecture (SOA), event-driven architecture (EDA), and Microservices
  • Experience working with other IT professionals, such as software developers and systems administrators, to ensure that the integration is designed and implemented effectively
  • Strong technical knowledge and expertise in integration technologies and best practices, including integration platforms, middleware and APIs
  • Strong analytical and problem-solving skills
  • Excellent communication and collaboration skills
  • Ability to think strategically and align integration architecture with business goals
  • Strong understanding of industry trends and technologies
  • Strong leadership and mentorship skills
  • Ability to manage multiple projects and priorities effectively
  • Strong understanding of security and compliance requirements.

Chief Architect - responsible for leading and overseeing all aspects of the company’s IT architecture. The chief architect works closely with other IT professionals and department heads to ensure that the IT architecture is aligned with the overall strategy of the company, and that it is designed and implemented effectively. The chief architect is responsible for setting technical direction and ensuring that the company’s IT architecture is flexible, scalable, and secure. The Chief Architect will also be responsible for ensuring that the company’s IT architecture is aligned with industry standards, best practices, and emerging technologies.

Tasks for a Chief Architect include:

  • Leading and overseeing all aspects of the company’s IT architecture
  • Developing and maintaining IT architecture documentation, including system diagrams, network topologies, and hardware inventory
  • Identifying and evaluating new technologies and best practices that could be integrated into the IT architecture to improve performance, scalability, and security
  • Collaborating with other IT professionals, department heads, and stakeholders to ensure that the IT architecture is aligned with the overall strategy of the company, and that it is designed and implemented effectively
  • Providing guidance and mentorship to other IT professionals within the company
  • Communicating the IT architecture to stakeholders throughout the company, including top management and other departments
  • Participating in the selection and implementation of new IT systems and technologies
  • Developing and implementing governance policies and standards for IT architecture management
  • Ensuring the IT architecture aligns with industry standards, best practices, and emerging technologies.

Traits and qualifications required in the role include:

  • A bachelor’s or master’s degree in computer science, information technology, or a related field
  • A professional certification, such as TOGAF (The Open Group Architecture Framework) certification, Zachman Framework certification, or enterprise architecture certification from a recognized organization
  • Significant experience in an IT-related field, such as software development, systems administration, or network engineering, with a strong focus on architecture
  • Strong understanding of various architecture methodologies, frameworks and technologies
  • Experience leading teams of IT professionals in designing and implementing IT architecture
  • Experience working closely with other departments, such as finance, operations, and marketing, to ensure that the IT architecture aligns with the overall strategy of the company
  • Strong technical knowledge and expertise in various IT architectures and technologies
  • Strong analytical and problem-solving skills
  • Excellent communication and collaboration skills
  • Ability to think strategically and align IT architecture with business goals
  • Strong understanding of industry trends and technologies
  • Strong leadership and mentorship skills
  • Strong understanding of security and compliance requirements
  • Ability to manage multiple projects and priorities effectively
  • Strong understanding of industry standards, best practices, and emerging technologies.
  • Strong strategic thinking, decision making and influencing skills.

What do you think of these descriptions? Are we missing any critical? Would you add anything else? Let me know, I’m keen to hear others views on this.

Oh I like this! Thanks a lot, this will be super useful as every new manager I get asks me to create my own job description. :roll_eyes: gahhh drives me mad.

Although I’ll probably pick and choose a little bit from column A and a little bit from column B, as they expect me to do everything around here. Many hats, same pay.